Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev in his interview to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” said the key points in the updated National Security Strategy of Russia until 2020.
– Nikolay Rakhmanov Russian President for the approval of a draft version of the revised National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2020. What caused this? Not satisfied with the previous version of the Strategy, or require any fundamental changes?
Nikolai Patrushev: The Federal Law “On the strategic planning in the Russian Federation” requires updated National Security Strategy every 6 years.
The current strategy adopted in 2009. Over the years it has proven its effectiveness.
Russia has demonstrated the ability to protect the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the state. Has increased its role in solving major international problems, the settlement of international conflicts and crises.
However, lately there are new challenges and threats to national security. The United States, with the support of a number of Western countries intend to maintain its dominance in world affairs, so attempts to restrict the conduct of Russia’s independent foreign and domestic policy.
All the more dangerous a threat related to the military activities of NATO.
The desire to build up and modernize offensive potential deployment of new weapons, the creation of a global missile defense system, including around Russia, blurs the structure of global security.
The words of the leaders of some Western countries that NATO – is defensive alliance designed to provide security in the world, only cover the aggressive nature of the Alliance.
In addition to political and military threats are complicated by global demographic situation, the problems of the environment and food security. Increasingly becoming the shortage of fresh water, the consequences of climate change. Get the epidemic, a number of which are caused by new, previously unknown viruses.
The new version of the Strategy tasked to counter these and other hazards, while remained unchanged national priorities, principles and approaches of national security.
Maria Pakhmutova / Leonid Kuleshov / Yuri Gavrilov Infographics “RG”
– The main provisions of the military policy, military dangers and threats are determined by military doctrine, which was approved last year. However, is there any features in the new version of the Strategy in the field of defense of the country?
Nikolai Patrushev: more clearly defined strategic objectives the protection of the Russian Federation from trying use of military force against it. More attention is paid to issues of mobilization readiness and civil defense. At the same time he stressed that to protect its interests Russia pursues a foreign policy that excludes costly confrontation, including a new arms race. The use of military force is seen as a last resort, the use of which is possible only after the exhaustion of the political, economic, diplomatic and other means.
The use of military force is seen as a last resort after exhausting other, non-military means
– To what extent the Strategy into account events occurring in the Middle East, North Africa, the threat posed by international terrorist organizations?
Nikolai Patrushev: The document spelled out ways to counter the spread of radical ideology and its propaganda in the media. Emphasized the importance of enhancing the security of the terrorist threat of the critical infrastructure of the individual, society and the state as a whole.
Open stated that the spread of terrorism, extremism, sectarian and ethnic strife has resulted is the practice of changing the regime’s legitimacy using the methods of “color Revolutions “and” hybrid warfare “. The emergence and strengthening the influence of the terrorist organization, declared itself “Islamic state” – forbidden in the Russian organization – was the result of a policy of double standards, which some States take in the fight against terrorism. The result of such irresponsible actions have become long-term instability in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, the war in Syria, the widespread proliferation of weapons, organized crime, drug trafficking, the systematic violation of the rights and freedoms of millions of people.
– and defense of the state, and political, social stability is determined by the level of economic development of the country, the quality of life of the common man. How do these aspects are reflected in the Strategy?
Nikolai Patrushev: Our economy has shown the ability to preserve and strengthen its capacity in the conditions of instability of the global economy, which began in 2008, the financial crisis and the restrictive measures imposed by a number of targeted countries against Russia. However, the Russian economy is now going through a difficult period, so a strategic national priority “Economic growth” is given increased attention.
The need to diversify the economy, overcome its raw material orientation, the transition to a new level of technological development, efficient import substitution. The role assigned to the motor modernization of the military-industrial complex. The tasks in the field of energy security, territorial development.
The solution of these problems is impossible without transition to a new level of technological development, the revival of the role of science, improve the quality of general, vocational and higher education. The implementation of a strategic national priority “Science, technology and education” implies reconstruction of the full research and production cycle from fundamental research to the introduction of the achievements of applied science in the production.
Refined security challenges in the areas of health, culture, ecology, environmental management so important to improve the lives of people.
– In recent years, much has been said about cyber threats and information warfare, thousands of cyber attacks aimed at the authorities, military command and control, illegal use of personal data of citizens. What place information security occupies in the revised version of the Strategy?
Nikolai Patrushev: Issues of information security are included in almost all the sections on the implementation of strategic national priorities.
The aim – to bring to citizens and society objective and truthful information, and to strengthen the security of information and communication systems.
remains urgent issues of security of communication networks using domestic hardware and software.
In view of the increasing influence of the problems of information security in the relations between states, first of all computer attacks, there is the need to build an international system designed to prevent the occurrence of incidents in this field between the two countries.
In order to protect their the interests of Russia conducts a foreign policy that excludes costly confrontation
It is no accident, Russia has become the author of the UN General Assembly resolution “Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.” Its provisions are aimed at developing the rules of responsible behavior of states in the global information space. The draft resolution was supported by his co-workers became 82 states – partners in the BRICS, SCO, CIS and leading Western countries, including the US, UK, Germany, France, Japan. The draft resolution was unanimously approved by the First Committee of the UN and will soon be considered by General Assembly.
– As the name of strategic national priority – “Strategic stability and equal strategic partnership” – Russia aims is to expand international cooperation?
Nikolai Patrushev: Foreign Policy Russia is, as before, based on the principles of equality, mutual respect, non-interference in the internal affairs of States and mutually beneficial cooperation, political resolution of global and regional crises. Our goal – to get as many equal partners in all parts of the world. The new version of the Strategy specified the tasks in the field of cooperation between the Russian Federation and partners in the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Economic Union, SCO in the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Africa and the Arctic. We are also interested in cooperation with the US and European countries, but on an equal basis.
– Nikolay Rakhmanov, we are talking about one of the key strategic planning documents in the country, which poses problems and determines the future development of the state. How can briefly reflect its basic idea and meaning of the changes?
Nikolai Patrushev: will correct you. We are talking about the founding document of strategic planning.
By the way, immediately after the approval of the president of the full text of the Strategy will be published and available to all, without exception.
The strategy – to strengthen the unity of Russian society, social stability , inter-ethnic harmony and religious tolerance, the elimination of the structural imbalances of the economy, increasing the country’s defense.
At the same time the success of Russia – in the first place, the maximum use of its internal resources, economic, political, human, cultural and spiritual potential. At the same time, our country is open for cooperation with other countries in all areas.
In the discussion of the draft strategy involved a wide range of representatives of the business community, Russian Academy of Sciences, the federal ministries, the presidential administration and the government apparatus .
It is possible to define the tasks that will be relevant in the long term, as well as to develop measures aimed at consolidating the efforts of public authorities, local governments and civil society to achieve the strategic goals of the country and ensuring national security.
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