Main news of recent days: The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution on the peaceful settlement of the Syrian crisis. The document was prepared by the International Group of the eighteen countries, headed by two co-chairs – Russia and the United States. To overcome all the contradictions failed, but after intense discussions, the members of the Security Council agreed on the main principle – the future of Syria must define itself the Syrian people.
The main news of recent days: The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution on the peaceful settlement of the Syrian crisis. The document was prepared by the International Group of the eighteen countries, headed by two co-chairs – Russia and the United States. To overcome all the contradictions failed, but after intense discussions, the members of the Security Council agreed on the main principle – the future of Syria must define itself the Syrian people.
This resolution is considered a cornerstone in resolving the Syrian conflict. While still an hour before the vote, its fate hung in the balance, because on the most sensitive issues – the fate of President Assad in Syria and who consider the opposition as terrorists who – so far failed to agree. As a result, they decided to get around. The resolution recorded something with which everyone agrees: the secular state institutions, sovereign and indivisible Syria remains unchanged. The political process in the country is determined by the Syrians themselves.
For the first years of the conflict the UN Security Council has put on the agenda not the military, and political aspects. According to the road map, in January of the current government and the opposition should sit at the negotiating table. Six months later, formed a transitional government. It is preparing a new constitution and by the middle of 2017 holds elections.
“Syria must remain united, secular, multi-religious, political, state, comfortable and safe for all population groups, and only the Syrian people have the right to determine their future”, – said Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
The resolution also stipulates that the peace process in the country will be carried out under UN auspices. Organization and carrying out negotiations entrusted to the Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General, Staffan Mistura.
“You know the name of the movie -” Mission Impossible “. So, the mission becomes potentially feasible due to the fact that we have seen today. Unanimous support in the Security Council UN confirms it. The process will be complicated, but there is hope, “- said the representative of the UN Secretary General, Staffan Mistura.
” The agreement gives the Syrian people a real choice is not between Assad and LIH, and between war and peace. When I I was in Moscow, President Putin confirmed that Assad is ready to participate in the political process, is ready to cooperate in the formation of the Constitution, to the preparation of the elections, “- said US Secretary of State John Kerry.
The fact that the United States is not demand the immediate resignation of Assad, pushed the process forward. Kerry acknowledged that the previous US position is only prolonging the war, already unёsshuyu lives of more than 300 thousand people and provoke a mass exodus of the population.
“We often hear the argument that without addressing the issue of Assad can not deploy true coordination in the fight terrorism. This is a dangerous logic dangerous approach. Because it crosses all the principles endorsed by the Security Council, which states that terrorism can not be justified by anything. And the fight against terrorism is unacceptable impose conditions, “- said Sergey Lavrov.
The Minister urged to block the border between Turkey and Syria, to deny terrorists the support from the outside. Meanwhile, the International Contact Group, which brings together about 20 countries and organizations continue to work on compiling a list of groups that should be considered as terrorist. According to some, it is already more than a hundred names.
“We have agreed to develop criteria to then to LIH and” Al-Nusra “add more obvious terrorist groups. We are among those criteria is, for example, regular shelling of certain organizations, residential neighborhoods of Damascus and other settlements, including repeated mortar attacks on the Russian embassy in Syria “, – said Sergey Lavrov.
According to Sergei Lavrov, the terrorists at the negotiating table is no place. And the war will continue with them. Journalists asked whether Russia is ready to lead America and her together?
“Now that we have a UN resolution, which is to start the settlement process, the door opened much wider. Now, it would be counterproductive not to consider as soon as possible wider cooperation between Russia and the United States in the fight against LIH” – US Secretary of State said.
“We have made a proposal to coordinate the strikes, but it is already two and a half months is on your desk,” – reminded counterpart Sergei Lavrov. John Kerry shook hands Sergei Lavrov: “Then, agreed!”